All posts by Dominique Stutzmann

Himanis et READ : de nouvelles perspectives

HIMANIS a, depuis le début, des liens avec l’infrastructure READ (Recognition and Enrichment of Archival Documents, https://read.transkribus.eu/), financée par l’Europe et porteuse du logiciel Transkribus. En effet, l’Université polytechnique de Valencia est partenaire de READ.

L’IRHT et le CNRS sont en train de signer une convention de partenariat avec READ pour pouvoir travailler ensemble de façon plus intégrée et préparer l’avenir, maintenant qu’HIMANIS est achevé et pour après la fin du financement européen de READ. On devait simplement signer un “Memorandum of Understanding”, mais les complexités légales du CNRS font que le “Memorandum” préparé le 12 juin 2017 et que quatre-vingts institutions ont déjà signé sans modification a dû être revu et n’est toujours pas signé par le CNRS…

Mais cela ne nous empêche pas de travailler ! Et voici les résultats…

Nous avons envoyé à READ les images du corpus ainsi qu’une extraction du texte “brut” des actes édités pour lesquels Sébastien Hamel avait repéré les “zones” sur les images (1726 zones sur 1263 images: 1334 zones pour l’édition de Guérin, 75 pour l’édition de Viard), ainsi que les liens nécessaires pour utiliser l’édition du formulaire de Morchesne. READ a aligné les éditions ligne à ligne, à la main (contrairement à ce que nous avons fait dans Himanis, où l’alignement a été fait automatiquement, mais, en conséquence, avec des résultats de moindre qualité).

A partir de cela, READ vient d’entraîner des “modèles optiques” pour la reconnaissance de l’écriture manuscrite et a testé sur quelques dizaines de pages. Les résultats sont très impressionnants, comme le montrent les captures d’écran suivantes.

Transkribus : acte avec transcription alignée (vérité terrain)
Transkribus : même acte avec transcription automatique
Calcul du pourcentage d’erreur mot (WER) et d’erreur caractère (CER)
Comparaison des textes des deux versions

La comparaison des deux versions montre l’excellente qualité des modèles entraînés, d’autant que de nombreuses “erreurs” de transcription sont des artefacts de l’édition (présence de ponctuation, segmentation de mots et apostrophes…).

Il reste à faire pour étendre la reconnaissance de texte en séparant le corpus d’entraînement et le corpus de test, mais ces résultats absolument extraordinaires sont plus qu’encourageants !

Plain text access to two centuries of medieval registers (French royal chancery)

Artificial Intelligence has unlocked the access to the text of medieval manuscripts! The partners of the European research project HIMANIS implemented, for the first time, the indexing and plain text querying of thousands of pages of medieval manuscripts. The large scale of the corpus and the possibility to search in plain text for handwritten sources are unheard of in medieval studies, so that the results present a major shift for historians. The challenge of multilingualism, script variation and abbreviations, which are crucial for HTR on medieval sources, has been successfully met.

Overview presentation: Dominique Stutzmann, Christopher Kermorvant, Enrique Vidal, Sukalpa Chanda, Sébastien Hamel, Joan Puigcerver Pérez , Lambert Schomaker, Alejandro H. Toselli, “Handwritten Text Recognition, Keyword Indexing, and Plain Text Search in Medieval Manuscripts”, Digital Humanities 2018 Puentes-Bridges: Book of Abstracts Libro de resúmenes (Mexico City, 26-29 June 2018), Mexico, 2018, p. 298-302, PDF en ligne [http://dh2018.adho.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/dh2018_abstracts.pdf], HTML [https://dh2018.adho.org/en/handwritten-text-recognition-keyword-indexing-and-plain-text-search-in-medieval-manuscripts/], XML [https://dh2018.adho.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/STUTZMANN_Dominique_Handwritten_Text_Recognition__Keyword_In.xml]

Follow us on Twitter: @himanis6
Search engine: http://bit.ly/himanis-search
User manual: https://himanis.hypotheses.org/105
Official website: https://himanis.org

Himanis users: an emerging community!

The HIMANIS web presence is complex: the present weblog https://himanis.hypotheses.org/ , the beta version of the search engine provided by Univ. Politecnica Valencia http://prhlt-kws.prhlt.upv.es/himanis/, the twitter account (@Himanis6), the official website https://himanis.org/

Some statistics show that we are having an emerging, large community of users.  A growing number of people are reading this blog: ca. 12’500 unique visitors in 2017, with more than 34’000 pages visited; 7’400 and 30’000 pages visited for the first six months of 2018.

There are also 301 followers on Twitter, which is a good start.

On MONK, there is very intense use, with amazing statistics (more than 1 million actions, partly from bots).

Last but not least, on the public search engine, there have been:

  • more than 813’000 search actions: around 40’000 queries per month from Oct. 2017 to May 2018, jumping at 495’455 queries in June 2018 (hurray!)
  • more than 15’000 user feedback actions, from all over the world (see map below)

Georgraphic origin of the users who participate in crowdsourcing the corpus

Statistiques de consultation du blog Himanis en 2017

Statistiques de consultation du blog Himanis de janvier à juin 2018

 

Medieval Music, episode 3

Suite de mes recherches… Dans de futurs billets, nous parlerons de jongleurs. Pour l’instant, nous continuons avec les ménestrels.  Pour l’instant, aucune vérification n’est faite pour savoir combien sont connus aux historiens de la musique et combien manquent. Ce travail viendra plus tard encore…


Source : Arras, BM, 0863 (1043), f. 149v
(http://initiale.irht.cnrs.fr/decor/44017)

Voici nos petites découvertes à partir de JJ 100 :

  • “Denisot Le Feve (?), menestrier de …”, en octobre 1369 (JJ 100, f. 165r, n° 542);
  • “Jehannin Dorgeret, menestrel de haux instrumens” et ses camarades, en mai 1374 (JJ 105, f. 182r, n° 337)
    • Le jour de la Chandeleur derreniere passee, aprés ce que ledit Jehannin et Oudinet du Gué, menestrel desdiz instrumens, ores [sic] souspé en l’ostel du Veau devant Saint Merry avec Jehannin, filz du maire de jonoie, Jehannin Proudomme, Perrin Chevalon, Rogerin Le Ligueur, et Oudinet le Couroier, et que yceulx menestrelz orent joué desdiz instrumens, ilz se feussent partis dudit hostel avec une lanterne et une chandelle…

  • à Senarpont, “une feste es halles d’icelle ville, en laquelle feste avoit un menestrel jouuant d’une cornemuse” en juillet 1374 (AN JJ 105, f. 231r, n° 452) et (AN JJ 106, f. , 154v, n° 191) ;

Continue reading Medieval Music, episode 3

More Medieval Music (AN JJ 87 – JJ 99) / Encore plus de musique médiévale : les ménestrels des registres de la chancellerie AN JJ 87 – JJ 99

Dijon BM ms 493, fol. 15v (bvmm.irht.cnrs.fr/consult/consult.php?VUE_ID=1252786)

Voici la suite de nos ménestrels, en passant à des registres non dépouillés (retrouver l’épisode 1 ici). Au passage, rappelons que Menestrel est un site de ressource capital pour les médiévistes) :

Charles etc. Savoir faisons a touz presens et avenir que oye hymble supplicacion de Colin Carle, escuier, contenant que comme environ la Toussains l’an LVII il feust venuz en la ville de Pons Sainte Maixance pour soy jouer et esbatre ; et illeuc eust trouvé un homme estrange du païs de Haynau qui estoit devant le moustier de ladicte ville aprés souper, lequel homme avoit un menestre avé soy qui jouoit de la cornemuse et illeuc se feust embatu ledit suppliant pour dancer et jouer sicomme jeunes le font volentiers ; et incontinent que ledit homme estrange aperçut ledit suppliant, il dist audit menestre que il laissast le jouer ; et quant ledit suppliant vit cesser ledit menestre de jouer, il ala par devers lui et li demanda pourquoy il avoit laissié a jouer ; lequel menestre respondi que le dessusdit homme li avoit deffendu ; pour quoy ledit suppliant, esmeu de chaleur, cuidant que il le faisoit en despit de lui, prist la cornemuse dudit menestre et la geta a terre ; et ce fait ledit homme estrange survint en la place et donna une buffe

Continue reading More Medieval Music (AN JJ 87 – JJ 99) / Encore plus de musique médiévale : les ménestrels des registres de la chancellerie AN JJ 87 – JJ 99

Some Medieval Music for a Happy New Year \(^o^)/ Un peu de musique pour la nouvelle année

Nous vous souhaitons une très belle et heureuse année 2018, pleine de découvertes et de recherches fructueuses ! Nous espérons que vous trouverez grâce à Himanis des informations utiles et surprenantes 😀

A l’occasion d’une discussion avec Isabelle Ragnard, nous avons cherché quelques informations nouvelles sur les musiciens au Moyen Âge. Grâce à HIMANIS, de nombreuses sources nouvelles sont apparues en un rien de temps .

Quelques histoires de cornemuse (d’où l’illustration) : en septembre 1360 (JJ 88, fol. 63r), le 11 juillet 1374 (JJ 105, fol. 230v, n° 452), le 12 décembre 1375 (JJ 107, fol. 188r), en  juillet 1385 (JJ 127, fol. 30r).

Continue reading Some Medieval Music for a Happy New Year \(^o^)/ Un peu de musique pour la nouvelle année

Nouveau corpus, nouvelles heures

Vingt registres supplémentaires ont été intégrés à l’interface de recherche. Parmi les nouvelles recherches possibles, nous trouvons une nouvelle preuve de la présence quotidienne des livres d’heures.

Paris, Arch. nat., JJ 179, fol. 81v, n° 150

A la Saint-Martin, le 11 novembre, 1447, Raoul est trouvé noyé dans un estang. Suicide ou accident ? Ses parents demandent grâce au roi pour que le doute ne jette pas le déshonneur sur la famille et n’empêche pas l’application des règles normales d’héritage. Que reste-t-il dudit Raoul au bord de l’étang ? Son livre d’heures, son manteau, ses chaussures et son chapeau (« et ses heures, mantel, patins et chappel estans sur ladicte chausee pres de la bonde dudit estang ») !
Revenant du Mexique, je souhaite à tous une bonne fête des Morts…

The Royal Highness / L’altesse royale / regalis celsitudo : une thématique de préambule pour mesurer l’utilité d’HIMANIS

Il y a quelques années, deux de mes amis ont publié une somme magistrale sur les préambules des rois de France, étudiant la production des actes royaux et ses acteurs au regard des actions juridiques et des thématiques et du style rhétorique des préambules : Barret, Sébastien, et Benoît Grévin. Regalis excellentia :  les préambules des actes des rois de France au XIVe siècle, 1300-1380. Paris: École des chartes, 2014 (Mémoires et documents de l’École des chartes, 98), ci-après abrégé « Barret-Grévin ».

La finesse de ce travail, sa complétude et son existence même, preuve que les méthodes les plus austères de l’érudition ouvrent des vues riches et chatoyantes sur les pratiques intellectuelles et l’histoire culturelle.

Pour ce billet, c’est principalement la partie documentaire de l’ouvrage qui sera utilisée, afin de mesurer l’utilité des recherches et développements faits dans le projet HIMANIS, même si je tenterai, in fine, quelques remarques sur les préambules eux-mêmes.

Méthodologie : performance, précision, rappel et résultats

Après l’énorme travail d’indexation automatique, il faut évaluer la performance de l’indexation.

Continue reading The Royal Highness / L’altesse royale / regalis celsitudo : une thématique de préambule pour mesurer l’utilité d’HIMANIS

Job: Research Fellow position for the HORAE project / Ingénieur de recherche pour le projet HORAE

Job description / Fiche de poste (pdf) :

IRHT-HORAE-ResearchFellow-Ingénieur

I got a job for you… (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Dép. MSS, Rothschild 2535 (24 b)

English version: Research Fellow / Ingénieur de recherche
    Position focus
    Required Education, Skills and Experience
    About the project HORAE
    Host institution
    Salary
    How to Apply

Version française: Ingénieur de recherche en analyse de sources
    Missions
    Compétences
    Le projet HORAE
    Institution d’accueil
    Rémunération
    Candidature

 

Research Fellow / Ingénieur de recherche en analyse de sources

Institution: Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes

Location: Paris, France

Application Due: 31 Oct. 2017

Type: Full Time

Duration: 1 year, renewable until 3 years

Starting Date: between January 1, 2018 and April 1, 2018

 

The Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes (CNRS) invites applications for a Research Fellow (“Ingénieur(e) de recherché en analyse de sources”) for the project “HORAE – Hours, Analysis, Editions” (ANR-17-CE38-0008), under the supervision of Mr. Dominique Stutzmann, Principal Investigator.

Continue reading Job: Research Fellow position for the HORAE project / Ingénieur de recherche pour le projet HORAE

Saint-Omer in the registers of the French royal chancery (99.6% precision!)

As some of the readers will know, I am particularly interested in the city of Saint-Omer in Northern France. This is a good reason to test and search for the first time unknown occurrences of this city, its city officials and chapter officials in the registers of the French royal chancery.

As a matter of fact, the results are quite impressive…

Registrum factum in viagio sancti Audomari (Paris, Archives Nationales, JJ 88)

 

In total, 173 occurrences are found for “audomarum” OR “audomari” or “audomaro” and 73 occurrences for “saint omer”. I noticed bypassing that “osmer” is also present in the registers, but not in our index (generally silently regularized to “omer”).
Continue reading Saint-Omer in the registers of the French royal chancery (99.6% precision!)

“disant ses heures” : from HIMANIS to HORAE

We are delighted to announce that the French research agency is funding the HORAE project (ANR-17-CE38-0008). HIMANIS also highlights why it is important with one example:

Disant ses heures… (Paris, Archives Nationales, JJ44, fol. 98r)

un certain lieu ou il estoit alé disant ses heures

(translation: a place where he went saying his Hours; image Paris, Archives Nationales, JJ44, fol. 98r)

In another example, the book of hours of a Jehannette, daughter of Jehan Petit is central to the plot, since it is the cause of the crime! Used to force a date with the young Jehannette, it created a fight between the father and the daughter’s friend…

Thomas, par esbatement print les heures de ladite Jehannette qui estoient sur une fenestre dudit hostel en la presence de ladite Jehannette et de son consentement les emporta et dist a ycelle Jehannette qu’elle les alast querir a vespres en l’eglise, laquelle lui respondi que si feroit elle. Et tantost aprés, ledit Jehan Petit ala aprés ledit Thomas ou cymetiere de ladite eglise ou il estoit et de felon courage lui dist qu’il lui rendist ses heures, ou si non qu’il l’en poursuiroit et que faulsement et mauvaisement il les lui avoit emblees.

qu’il lui rendist ses heures (Paris, Archives Nationales, JJ 162)

At the core of the late medieval society…

HORAE (Hours – Recognition, Analysis, Editions) is a cross-disciplinary research project studying religious practices and experiences in the late Middle Ages through the books of hours, the absolute medieval best seller. In a public-private partnership, it gathers three partners in the Humanities and Computer Science: the Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes (IRHT, UPR 841), the private company TEKLIA and the Laboratoire des Sciences du Numérique de Nantes (LS2N, UMR6004). Books of hours forms, with more than 5000 preserved manuscripts, a vast and crucial ensemble to understand the medieval mindset. Yet, their textual content is very scarcely studied, although the massive production of such a large number of manuscripts is a pivotal cultural and industrial phenomenon to the profound changes in the medieval religious life. Not only a proto-industrial book production arises and the economics of demand shifts to the economics of offer, but also the awakening of the individual and the internalization of faith take places in an increasingly church controlled world. Books of hours are at the same time deluxe objects, implying social staging, and intimate objects, with devotional, memorial and eschatological challenges.

HORAE combines the research and expertise of all three partners in artificial intelligence applied to Computer Vision and image analysis, in Natural Language Processing (NLP), and in book history and religious practices. The research project aims at creating an integrated chain from image treatment to producing new knowledge by placing the end user at the center of the developments, by managing formats, interoperability and long term preservation, but also ergonomics and data visualization.The aims encompass: (1) re-using the many digitized manuscripts, which are online but underused resources; (2) new open source software for Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR); (3) tools for segmentation and plagiarism detection, adapted to the transcription of medieval manuscripts produced by the machine in order to identify the texts in the books of hours; (4) identifying and editing unpublished texts; (5) visualization of manuscript clusters, which share the same textual characteristics in the order of the different parts (Officium Beatae Mariae Virginis, votive offices, suffrages, prayers), but also in the order of textual units to identify the liturgical use; (6) studying the diffusion and circulation of devotional and liturgical texts at the end of the Middle Ages in order to better understand the cultures and faith in the 13th c.-16th c.

With its aims and methods, HORAE profoundly changes the ways of doing research in auxiliary sciences and tackles the challenges of big data. Books of hours have been too scarcely studied until new because they are too numerous, too complex and their text is very repetitive: now, their very number, repetitions and complexities make possible for this project to develop new and efficient technologies and methodologies and gain new knowledge on the Middle Ages.

 

 

99 pilgrimages / 99 “pelerinage(s)”: accuracy and historical research

Good news! We travelled across the registers, looking for pilgrimages… A search for pilgrimages in the registers of the French royal chancery is a fantastic example of what HIMANIS is bringing to the historians and interested citizens.

Search for “pelerinage” or “pelerinages” with a confidence level as low as 0 gives 54 matches with an average confidence of 46.6. This means 54 registers and 96 pages corresponding to the search, and 99 spotted occurrences. We searched in French only and, here, the results are amazingly accurate: All spotted occurrences are correct! And they even include an occurrence in a black-and-white register, scanned from the microfilm… A very good information for further research.

The table below shows the list of occurrences with direct links. Of course, there are some artefacts and in one occurrence, we see a bizarre result: http://prhlt-kws.prhlt.upv.es/himanis/index.php/ui/show/chancery/259/149?q=pelerinage+%7C%7C+pelerinages&feedback=1 in which there are two (red) boxes around the word, which is “pelerignage” but has also been indexed as “pelerinage”. In this case, I have to confess that I have clicked on “correct” to confirm the reading, before realizing that it was, technically speaking, not a correct match 😉
Continue reading 99 pilgrimages / 99 “pelerinage(s)”: accuracy and historical research

Accessing the full text of the Trésor des Chartes’ registers! (beta version)

HIMANIS project

Looking for the word “abbatisse” in plain text of the Tresor des Chartes’ registers

The HIMANIS project is funded by the Joint Programming Initiative on Cultural Heritage and Global Change” (JPI-CH) of the European Union. The partners are developing cost-effective solutions for querying large sets of handwritten document images. It gathers Computer Science, Humanities and Cultural Heritage institutions in order to produce technology to generate new, research-based knowledge from historical manuscripts. As a challenging and particularly interesting case study, the large collection of the Trésor des Chartes’ registers produced by the French royal chancery (Paris, Archives Nationales, JJ35 – JJ211).  The expected outcomes of this project are:

  1. a new indexing/searching technology for historical manuscripts
  2. a new paradigm to study our historical heritage, as conveyed by manuscripts, by using full text search technology.
  3. a new vision of the raise of nation states in Europe via a new study of the corpus under this paradigm.

Now we are proud to announce that we reach the two first goals of our project!  You can search the plain text in the Trésor des Chartes’ registers and provide feedback: It is ready to be used and tested by all interested users worldwide!

http://prhlt-kws.prhlt.upv.es/himanis/

You can search the plain text in the Trésor des Chartes’ registers and provide feedback!

How to search?

Query settings

Home page of the HIMANIS indexing and search engine

  • A query box is provided to type the queries
    • The search engine is case insensitive (“Paris” and “paris” retrieve the same results). The search engine allows for “AND”, “OR” and “EXPRESSION” queries (see below).
    • Abbreviations are not queried as they appear in the images; instead the corresponding expanded forms are used. For example, use “paris” to find “Paris”, “par.”, “par^s”, “Pars.”, etc.
    • Query text must be diacritcs-folded (e.g., “sebastien”, rather than “Sébastien”).
  • A confidence box and slider are provided to express a confidence threshold which determines the desired precision-recall tradeoff. The default is 50%. A higher value results in higher precision (little or none wrong spots) and lower recall (some, or many existing instances of the query may not be retrieved); a lower value results in lower precision (some, or many wrong spots) and higher recall (all or most the existing instances can be retrieved).
  • A ‘Max. results’ box is provided to express the maximum number of spots to be retrived and shown. For example, if this number is set to 20 and the confidence is set to 40%, the system shows at most 20 spots with confidence higher than 40%; and if no (or 0) confidence is set, the system retrieves at most 20 spots with the highest confidence.

    Query settings

Search: AND, OR, SEQUENCE

The search engine allows compound queries (boolean AND, OR, NOT) and “sequences”. For compound queries, the results are computed at Page level, and the number of matches is the total number of word occurrences matching the query.

  • Relations are interpreted at the full page-image level.
  • The operators are: AND: “&&” (or just blank space), OR: “||”, NOT: “-” (before the words which have to be negated). Parenthesis “(“, “)”, can be used for grouping
  • For “Sequence”, the number of match is computed at Page level and one match corresponds to the complete expression.
  • A query can be a sequence of words, expressed using the symbols “[” and “]”. Sequences are not exact strings; they allow (a few) extra words to appear among the stated words. Examples: “[ludovico francorum]” (where “francorum” is an expanded abbreviastion) would retrieve pages with strings such as “ludovico franc.”, “Ludovico rege franc.”, “ludovico dei gra. francorum”, etc. In the current system version, sequences can not be mixed with boolean operators.

Queries: NOT

“france – flandres”: pages with at least one instance of “france” but with no instance of “flandres”

Queries: mixed AND/OR/NOT with parentheses

“paris && (france || flandres)”: pages with at least one instance of “paris” AND at least one instance of either “france” OR “flandres”, or both

Navigation through the results

The current presentation of results is bound by the hierarchy of the collection and we know that it is not always easy to flip through the results. We ask for your patience and your help!

We ask for your patience and your help!

It is possible to:

  1. browse all registers
  2. browse all pages in one register
  3. see the list of registers with the number of matching pages (not the number of matches in the volume)
  4. see the list of pages with the number of matches

Queries are interpreted, and results are shown, hierarchically. For example, assume a collection is composed of many Volumes and each Volume of many Pages. Then, if the query is issued at the top collection level, the system first shows the Volumes where the query may appear with confidence above the threshold specified. Then if the same query is issued for a specific Volume, the system shows all the Pages where the query may appear with a confidence above the threshold. Finally if it is issued for a specific Page, the system shows locations where the words involved in the query may appear. In the PRHLT interface, default levels of the hierarchy are called: “Home”, “Collection”, “Chapter” and “Page”.

The navigation from one page goes either to the previous or the next one in the same volume, or back to a higher level (volume or corpus). There is no possibility to jump directly to the next match.

To go back to the superior level, please navigate with the breadcrumb.

Number of volumes with at least one match (and average confidence)

List of volumes with at least one match and number of pages with at least one match

List of pages in the volume and number of matches on the page

Matches on the page

  1. Miniatures. At each level of the hierarchy (except at the lowest one, the page level), the system shows the elements of this level by means of miniature images, with some information associated; namely,
    1. an identifier of the element,
    2. a bar representing the confidence of the system that the query appears somewhere in this element
    3. the number of elements in the lower level where the query may appear with a confidence above the threshold specified.
  2. By hovering the mouse over the confidence bar, the actual confidence value is shown.
  3. Pan and Zoom: When a (part of a) page image is shown, it can be explored by moving the mouse while holding its right button. In addition, the mouse wheel can be used to zoom in and out.
  4. If a word appears more than once in a text line, only the instance with greatest confidence is shown.
  5. The approximate locations of spotted queries in each page are marked with rectangles (called “bounding boxes”) surrounding the corresponding words. The color of a rectangle expresses the degree of confidence the system has in the corresponding spot. Exact confidence values can be seen by hovering the mouse over the rectangles.

Your feedback is needed!

YOU CAN GIVE YOUR FEEDBACK

On the spotted words

When you see the results of a query a “word level”, you can click on the word and you are asked if the word is correctly spotted. Please help us and say “correct” or “incorrect”.

Giving feedback on spotted words

If you see a missed word

In the example below, the word “pedagiis” has been correctly spotted on the lower right part of the image.

Correct and missed matches on one page

If you double-click on the image, you can add the word to our index!

Inserting the correct transcription for a word

Hints for the Chancery collection

  • Click on the Chancery miniature with no query to see the 147 Volumes indexed, each showing the number of images it contains (ranging from less then 100 to more than 1000).
  • Queries can be formulated at any level: full Collection (Chancery), specific Chapter (Volume JJ…), or individual Page.
  • Remember to use the Confidence and/or Max.results levers depending on the precision-recall tradeoff you wish to achieve.
  • The number of the “page” indicated is the number of the file.
  • There are 147 volumes; 32 additionnal volumes are being digitized by the French National Archive

In the near future…

This is a presentation of the Beta Version. In a near future, you will be able to scroll through the results and provide feedback directly on a hit list of the results.

You will be able to get the correct foliation of each image and retrieve metadata from the inventories and text editions.

IRHT’s interface proposal to access the Chancery corpus: aligning and merging early modern inventories (tables of contents), 20th c. inventories and indexes, partial editions, and the result of automated indexing performed in the HIMANIS project

A glimpse at the coverage of extant inventories

Last week, I was in Graz, talking about “Automated indexing of medieval manuscripts: the HIMANIS research project and the registers of the French royal chancery” at a Lunchtime Lecture of the Zentrum für Informationsmodellierung at the University of Graz.

For this lecture, I prepared a small slide which I had ever wanted to do: just give an idea of the coverage of the inventories at a glimpse. Well, it is easy and difficult at the same time.

The Virtual Reference Room of the National Archive indicates many inventories for the fonds JJ. Not fewer than 42!

But, if you simplify a bit, then, you have the systematic printed inventories from JJ 37 to JJ 79 (1300-1350), then you have handwritten unpublished inventories for the years 1350-1364 (JJ 80 to JJ 95), and, besides some particular text editions, esp. regarding the Poitou region, some geographic inventories for JJ 35 to JJ 266, covering the provinces of Gascogne, Blésois, Orléanais, Chartrain, Languedoc and Rouergue.
In the map above, there are of course some catches: I’ve avoided the question of the exact limits of the older provinces by using a map with actual departements. But I hope this gives a good idea of how much we have to discover in the Chancery registers 😀

On the usefullness of Scholarly Digital Editions

During a workshop at the University of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines on digital text editions, we had the pleasure to make a provocative pun. Scholarly Digital Editions, a concept largely defined by our friends James Cummings and Franz Fischer (cf. their “Criteria for Reviewing Scholarly Digital Editions” online : http://www.i-d-e.de/publikationen/weitereschriften/criteria-version-1-1/) and Elena Pierazzo (cf. her book DIgital Scholarly Editing: Theories, Models, Methods, available on HAL-SHS), are not only thought for the Humanists, but also for the machines. Indeed the better the edition is, the better it is to teach computer to read reading skills on medieval documents to beginners, i.e. Computers. We demonstrated that and how electronic editions can have a second life as a teacher for Artificial Intelligences, far from their original intent. In fact, our “ground-truth” is mostly based on the electronic edition by Ecole de Chartes of chancery documents published by Paul Guerin more than a hundred years ago: but to be good teachers, they need to be enhanced and upgraded to a more elaborate scholarly level.

Of course, this is not all. They also serve, along with indexes and inventories, to measure the accuracy and recall, and we all have to think about what it means to index (and not to edit) for the remnant parts and what conclusions we can draw from uncertain questions. That was the rest of our talk 😉